The Himalaya Mountain

The life can’t be imagined without Mountains, it is a source of the huge amount of freshwater, Mountains plays an important role in Monsoon also, in India and in different parts of the world the reason for precipitation is Mountains. One other role of Mountain is work as a climate Divisor. All the continent in the world has many mountain ranges which are as follows

1. North America- Alaska mt Range, Rocky mt Range, Appalachian Mt Range,

2. South America- Andes Mountain Range

3. Africa - Drakensberg Mountains, Atlas Mountains      

4. Europe - Mt. Alps, Ural Mountains, Caucasus Mountains

5. Australia - Great Dividing Range

5. Asia- Himalaya Mountain Range, Kunlun mountains, Altai Mt Range

The Himalaya

In ancient times when Gondwanaland was separated from Africa Continent and moving toward Eurasian plate then a collision takes place between two continental plates Then huge mountain ranges formed and the rivers which came from Tibetian plateau have made is shaped via watering and erosion, Thus Himalaya formed. The Himalaya – Tibet region provides fresh water to 1/5th population of the world.

Himalaya stops the cold winds coming from Syberia (Russia) and China and protects the Indian subcontinent from an extremely cold climate, and it also, protect the Hot air which flows from the Indian Ocean causes the monsoon season in the Indian subcontinent.

Himalaya is the largest mountain range in India and the world, located in East to West direction having 2500 km length, Nanga Parvat is lying in Its extreme west end and Namchabarva Parvat is in the extreme east end, Here it takes a sharp bend towards south direction these hills are called as Purvanchal. It spread around 500000 Km^2 Area. Tibetan Plateau is located in the North of Himalaya, its both ends bent in the south direction which lies in Pakistan ( called Suleman Mountains) or Afganistan (Called Hindukush Mountains) and in Myanmar ( called Arakanyoma Mountains). All the mountains range is the world spread through North to South direction (Andes Mt, Atlas Mt, Great Dividing range etc.). Himalaya is the only range which spread through East to the west. The width of Himalaya is grater in the west as compared to the east ( for width refer below image)

Himalaya is the Young Folded Mountain. It formed in the place of Thetis sea.

Himalayan Mountain Range

Himalaya has the three parallel mountain ranges, let us discuss one by one

1.       a. Trans Himalaya

2.       1. The great Himalaya / Himadri / Inner Himalaya

3.      2. Middle Himalaya /  lesser Himalaya

4.      3. Shivalik Range / Outer Himalaya

ee   4. Eastern Hill or Purvanchal


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1.   Trans Himalaya 

Trans Himalaya is not the part of Himalayan Range, It is older than that. It is made up Eurasian Plate. It has three ranges.

 a. Karakoram Range - Its ranges are covered with snow every time and India’s Highest peak K2 (Godwin Austin- This peak comes under POK) lies in this range. Famous Siachen Glacier also found in this range. Hispr, Biafo, Baltoro glacier also found in this range.

bb  b. Ladakh Range - Its located between two rivers Shyok (In north) and Sindh (In south).

The southernmost mountain series of Trans Himalaya is Zaskar Range. Indus river flows Between Ladakh and Zaskar range.

T  The Great Himalaya

 a.  Most outer range.
 b.  Expansion – Nanga parvat in the west to Namchabarva in East.
 c. World’s 10th largest mountains ranges come under Great Himalaya, for example – Mt. Everest, Mt. Makalu, Mt Annapurna, Mt. Kanchenjunga, (it is the highest Himalayan peak situated completely in India)
d. Famous Yamunotri Glacier (origin point of river Yamuna) located in this range.
 e. Name of Mt Everest in the Tibetan language -

           LESSER Himalaya

 a. Mostly Tourist place lies in this range.
 b.  Long and soft Temperate grassland found in this range. Long and soft temperate grassland called “Merg” in J&K and “Bugyal” in Uttarakhand.
 c.  It is located in the south of The Great Himalaya and spread from west to east.
 d. Mountains names Pir Panjal, Dhauladhar, Mahabharat, Nagtibba located in this range.
 e. Shrinagar and Jammu lie in the North and South of

    Shivalik Range

a. Newest Range of  The Himalaya, having less height
b. In Arunachal Pradesh, it found in the form of hills Dafla, MIRI, Abhor, Mishmi
c. Place between lesser Himalaya and Shivalik – Valley.
d. Syntaxial bend is in the extreme west end called – Dihang Bend or in Extreme east is called Indus Bend. (Syntaxial Bend - When the river flows in the mountain range then it continuously deeper its valley then an I shaped valley formed is called the Syntaxial bend)

Eastern Hills

Eastern Part of The Himalaya (Purvanchal) situated in the Internationale borderline which lies between India Or Myanmar, Here are some discontinued Himalayan series found which are as follows.
 Patkoi Boom- In Arunachal Pradesh
 Naga Hill – Nagaland
 Lamatoll Hill – Manipur
 Mijo Hill – Mijorum
 Arakanyoma is the extension of Himalaya mountain range in Myanmar.












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